Science Bolivia  BOLIVIA 14/12/2018

3D-printed reconstructions provide clues to ancient site

The 3D reconstruction of Pumapunku not only shows possible configurations of what the site may have looked like, but also gives clues about the purpose of the building

Part of the ancient archaeological site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia, believed by Incans to be where the world was created has been reconstructed using 3D printed models of fragments of an ancient building. The results are presented in a study published in the open access journal Heritage Science.

 
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 13/12/2018

ALMA Campaign Provides Unprecedented Views of the Birth of Planets

A team of astronomers has conducted one of the deepest surveys ever of protoplanetary disks

Astronomers have already cataloged nearly 4,000 exoplanets in orbit around distant stars. Though we have learned much about these newfound worlds, there is still much we do not know about the steps of planet formation and the precise cosmic recipes that spawn the wide array of planetary bodies we have already uncovered, including so-called hot Jupiters, massive rocky worlds, icy dwarf planets, and – hopefully someday soon – distant analogs of Earth.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 12/12/2018

A new algorithm improves flight safety and reduce delays

Developed as part of the European TBO-Met project

The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has taken part in a European research project named TBO-Met which has developed an algorithm that maximises the predictability of flights and reduces the risk of running into (potentially dangerous) storms. Thanks to this, safety can be improved, the abilities of air traffic can be increased and delays can be reduced.

 
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Science Nicaragua  NICARAGUA 12/12/2018

Simple steps to climate-proof farms have big potential upside for tropical farmers

A study in Central America, Africa, and Asia points to profitable opportunities for farmers and the environment

Cacao farmers in Nicaragua lose their crop, the main ingredient for chocolate, to fungal blight and degrading soils. Yields drop in Vietnam’s rice paddies because of higher temperatures and increased salinity. Bean and maize growers in Uganda see their plants die during severe dry spells during what should be the rainy season.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 11/12/2018

Urban tungara frogs are sexier than forest frogs

How do animals adapt to urban environments? In the case of the Tungara frog, city males put on a more elaborate display than males in forested areas

 

By 2050, almost 70 percent of the world’s population will live in urban environments, according to the United Nations. But as cities spread, wild animals will also have to adapt. In Nature Ecology and Evolution, researchers working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) report that male tungara frogs in Panama City put on sexier mating displays than frogs living in nearby tropical forests.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 10/12/2018

SMOOTH transitioning to GDPR compliance for MEnts

SMOOTH project will provide expertise and resources to micro-enterprises having to adopt the strict rules imposed by the GDPR

A new European innovation action under the H2020 Cibersecurity-PPP funding program is assisting micro enterprises, also known as MEnts, to comply with the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which was launched in 2018 to enhance privacy protection for all European citizens. The SMOOTH project, in which IMDEA Networks Institute participates, aims to become the reference platform for MEnts transitioning to GDPR compliance, whilst safeguarding the interests of EU citizenry on data privacy and security.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 30/11/2018

The shedding of a body part reveals the hidden cost of conflict

Not only does it take energy to make weapons, it may take even more energy to maintain them

Animal weapons such as antlers, tusks and limbs specialized for fighting require a large energy expenditure to produce and may cost even more to maintain. Because the leaf-footed bug sheds its large hind limbs, used as weapons in male-male battles, scientists working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama could measure energy use of live bugs with and without hind legs to calculate the hidden energetic cost of weapons’ maintenance.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 21/11/2018

First study of humpback whale survivors of killer whale attacks in the Southeastern Pacific

Attacks on humpback whales may be on the rise, according to an analysis of scars on humpback whales published in 'Endangered Species Research'

Humpback whales bear stark battle scars from violent encounters with orcas, also known as killer whales. Analysis of rake marks on more than 3000 humpback whale tails or flukes suggest that attacks on these undersea giants may be on the rise, according to a new study in 'Endangered Species Research'.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 19/11/2018

Targeted Facebook advertising on the elections increased the number of Trump voters by 10% in 2016

A study analyses the impact of targeted Facebook advertising on the elections

Research from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the University of Warwick and ETH Zurich has studied the effectiveness of micro-targeted political advertising on social media such as Facebook in the United States. The research concludes that it may have increased the number of Donald Trump voters by ten per cent in the 2016 presidential elections.

 
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Science Nicaragua  NICARAGUA 19/11/2018

Clams and cockles, sentinels of the environmental status of Nicaraguan coasts

Researchers from the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country are seeking the best bivalves in the Nicaraguan mangroves for the purpose of monitoring pollution

 

In collaboration with the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, a research group from the UPV/EHU’s Plentzia Marine Station has studied the bivalves in the mangroves on both coasts of Nicaragua in order to analyse how they are affected by the pollution brought down by the rivers. That way, it will be possible to use them as sentinels or indicators of environmental changes. The research has been published by the journal Science of the Total Environment.

 
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Science Ecuador  ECUADOR 16/11/2018

Tropical trees in the Andes are moving up -- toward extinction

An international study led by University of Miami tropical biologists reveals that tropical trees are migrating upslope to escape climate change, but not fast enough

An international study led by University of Miami tropical biologists reveals that tropical trees are migrating upslope to escape climate change, but not fast enough.

 
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 14/11/2018

A guide to open political parties

The guide, available in web format to be more accessible, offers indications for political parties to open to the citizens. It implies taking a step further in the democratization of its internal and external processes

The crisis of trust in Spanish political parties has transformed the political scene. 19.2% of Spaniards surveyed for the poll made by the Center for Sociological Research assure that political parties and politics in general represent one of the main problems that exist in Spain. In this context of distrust, transparency and promotion of citizen participation can transform political parties into more open institutions.

 
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Science Brazil  AMAZONAS 14/11/2018

Amazon turtle populations recovering well thanks to local action

And not only have turtle populations benefited from conservation efforts, other co-occurring species have begun to thrive once again on the protected beaches and in surrounding areas

The historically over-exploited Giant South American Turtle is making a significant comeback on river beaches in the Brazilian Amazon thanks to local protection efforts, say researchers at the University of East Anglia.

 
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Science Chile  CHILE 14/11/2018

South American marsupials discovered to reach new heights

For the first time, scientists catch on camera a tiny marsupial climbing higher than previously thought in the forest canopy

In the Andean forests along the border of Chile and Argentina, there have long been speculations that the mouse-sized marsupial monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides) climbs to lofty heights in the trees. Yet, due to the lack of knowledge about the region's biodiversity in the forest canopies, no previous records exist documenting such arboreal habits for this creature.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 12/11/2018

Mother bats may nudge pups to grow up

Bat researchers observed a new behavior. Mothers push pups away with their forearms, perhaps encouraging them to go explore the world on their own

Baby birds learn to fly. Baby mammals switch from milk to solid food. Baby bats, as winged mammals, do both at the same time during their transition from infants to flying juveniles. According to a new report from researchers STRI who studied Peters’ tent-making bats ('Uroderma bilobatum'), mothers prod their young with their forearms, perhaps encouraging them to fledge and wean.

 
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 09/11/2018

Galaxy-scale fountain seen in full glory

ALMA observations of Abell. 2597 show the first clear and compelling evidence for the simultaneous infalling and outflow of gas driven by a supermassive black hole

A billion light-years from Earth lies one of the Universe’s most massive structures, a giant elliptical galaxy surrounded by a sprawling cluster of other galaxies known as Abell 2597. At the core of the central galaxy, a supermassive black hole is powering the cosmic equivalent of a monumental fountain, drawing in vast stores of cold molecular gas and spraying them back out again in an ongoing cycle.

 
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 06/11/2018

Pioneering biologists create a new crop through genome editing

From wild plant to crop: CRISPR-Cas9 revolutionizes breeding, New tomato contains more valuable antioxidants

Crops such as wheat and maize have undergone a breeding process lasting thousands of years, in the course of which mankind has gradually modified the properties of the wild plants in order to adapt them to his needs. One motive was, and still is, higher yields. One "side effect" of this breeding has been a reduction in genetic diversity and the loss of useful properties. This is shown, among others, by an increased susceptibility to diseases, a lack of taste or a reduced vitamin and nutrient content in modern varieties. Now, for the first time, researchers from Brazil, the USA and Germany have created a new crop from a wild plant within a single generation using CRISPR-Cas9, a modern genome editing process. Starting with a "wild tomato" they have, at the same time, introduced a variety of crop features without losing the valuable genetic properties of the wild plant. The results have been published in the current issue of Nature Biotechnology.

 
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Science Spain  ESPAÑA 05/11/2018

People with fewer resources contribute more to actions against climate change

A research analyse the connection between purchasing power and actions against climate change

People with fewer resources contribute more to actions against climate change. This is the main result of a research that, by making a civic science experiment, suggests to act collectively fighting the climate change. The study, in which it has been measured how a group of people acts against a common harm, has shown that people are more or less likely to contribute money to fighting climate change depending on how wealthy they are. These are the principal findings of a research published in the journal PLOS ONE by researchers from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili, the University of Barcelona, the University of Zaragoza and the Carlos III University of Madrid.

 
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Science Argentina  NEUQUÉN 02/11/2018

Scientists discover a new species of dinosaur 110 million years old in Argentina

The finding occurred in the center of the province of Neuquén

Argentine and Spanish paleontologists found an adult specimen and two juvenile specimens of this new species of dinosaur, which they named Lavocatisaurus agrioensis. They made an almost complete reconstruction of his skull and skeleton.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 29/10/2018

Mysteries of a golden beetle

Human sisters may look extremely different from one another. What does that have to do with gold, black and red beetles?

As the sun set over the cloud forest in western Panama, Lynette Strickland still hadn’t found what she was looking for. Strickland spent all day exploring Fortuna, a mountainous area spanning the Continental Divide near the border of Panama and Costa Rica, in search of a glimmering golden beetle. But each time she flipped over a leaf or asked Smithsonian beetle expert Don Windsor ‘Is that it?’ the answer was ‘No'.

 
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