Science Spain  ZAMORA 20/06/2018

A new heating system improves the autonomy of electric vehicles

The Polytechnic School of Zamora of the University of Salamanca has developed a more efficient prototype since current systems consume a lot of energy

A research project developed at the Polytechnic School of Zamora from the University of Salamanca proposes a better heating system for electric cars. The engines of these vehicles are very efficient, but when the heating is connected by electrical resistances, they lose a lot of energy and, therefore, quickly lower the battery charge, thus decreasing the autonomy of the car. The new prototype addresses this problem.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 20/06/2018

New tool using Facebook data shows worldwide gender gap

Gender inequality online is related to gender inequality in society at large

An international group of researchers, involving scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Complexity Science Hub Vienna, developed a tool to track and analyze gender inequality through Facebook usage data. Their results, published in an article in the latest issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), show that gender inequality online is related to gender inequality in society at large.

 
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 18/06/2018

An animal model to study new treatments against epilepsy

The University of Salamanca has a hamster strain of that suffers seizures similar to those that occur in epileptic humans so the genetic analysis of these animals will lead to the development of transgenic mice that will serve to test therapies.

The University of Salamanca has an animal model to study epilepsy. The hamster called GASH: Sal (Genetic Audiogenic Seizure Hamster: Salamanca) presents seizures of genetic origin similar to those suffered by epileptic humans. Morphological, genetic, pharmacological and physiological studies confirm that the model is valid and useful to test any developing antiepileptic therapy.

 
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 13/06/2018

ALMA Discovers Trio of Infant Planets around Newborn Star

These are considered the first planets discovered by ALMA

Two independent teams of astronomers have used Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) to uncover convincing evidence that three young planets are in orbit around the infant star HD 163296. Using a novel planet-finding technique, the astronomers identified three disturbances in the gas-filled disc around the young star: the most reliable evidence yet that newly formed planets are in orbit there. These are considered the first planets discovered by ALMA.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 11/06/2018

A new system optimises electric transmission from offshore wind farms

Patented by UC3M researchers

Scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have designed a new control system for wind turbines in offshore wind farms which allows power transmission to the coast in a simpler, more flexible and cheaper way than current solutions.

 
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 08/06/2018

A new system based on artificial intelligence allows tasting ham automatically

The University of Salamanca develops a technology that simulates tasters work and whose results are available in the cloud

The University of Salamanca has developed a project that allows the tasting of Iberian ham using a system based on artificial intelligence that determines the attributes of the product, just as a professional taster does. The technology of near infrared (NIR) reveals ham's properties and send them to an internet platform, where thanks to artificial neural networks the result is transformed into an analysis of sensory qualities that can be visualized through graphics.

 
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 08/06/2018

Methods of monitoring pluripotent stem cell identity are tested in Brazil

Advances in techniques to transform human adult cells into induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have led to the creation of large collections of cell lines, which hold genetic material from thousands of individuals and are often shared among different

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Science Chile  CHILE 04/06/2018

ALMA and VLT Find Too Many Massive Stars in Starburst Galaxies, Near and Far

These findings challenge current ideas about how galaxies evolved, changing our understanding of cosmic star-formation history and the build-up of chemical elements

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and the Very Large Telescope (VLT) have discovered that both, starburst galaxies in the early Universe, and a star-forming region in a nearby galaxy, contain a much higher proportion of massive stars than is found in more peaceful galaxies. These findings challenge current ideas about how galaxies evolved, changing our understanding of cosmic star-formation history and the build-up of chemical elements.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 31/05/2018

A new device for detecting gas leaks has been developed

A spin-off company which Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has a share in, has developed a system that detects fugitive gas emissions which are harmful and pollutant to the environment

Sensia, a spin-off company which Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has a share in, has developed a system that detects fugitive gas emissions which are harmful and pollutant to the environment. This technology minimises the chances of gas leaks occurring in industry and can also be used in the home environment.

 
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Science Spain  ALICANTE 31/05/2018

Buildings from the sixties and seventies on the Alicante coast do not resist the shock of an earthquake

Results show that they should consider a comprehensive technical inspection of buildings to analyse the degree of deterioration and perform the necessary intervention and reinforcement to ensure structural safety

The University of Alicante Research Group in Structure Essay, Simulation and Modelling (GRESMES), led by Professor Salvador Ivorra Chorro, has recently published in the journal Engineering Failure Analysis the study Seismic behavior of 1960's RC buildings exposed to marine environment in which they analyse in depth some buildings located on the coast of Alicante, built in the sixties and seventies, concluding that these properties will not resist the effect of an earthquake.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 31/05/2018

Flexible and dynamic transport solution for future 5G communications developed

Results of the 5G-Crosshaul Project

A consortium of twenty industry-leading companies and organizations has announced the successful completion of the European research project 5G-Crosshaul, coordinated by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M). The three-year effort has delivered what is now the de-facto concept for an integrated 5G transport network, a crucial step towards the real-world implementation of the future 5G communications system.

 
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Science Venezuela  VENEZUELA 30/05/2018

Limiting global warming could avoid millions of dengue fever cases

A global warming trajectory of 3.7°C could lead to an increase of up to 7.5 million additional cases per year by the middle of this century

A new report published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) reveals that limiting warming to the goal of the UN Paris Agreement would also stop dengue spreading to areas where incidence is currently low..

 
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 28/05/2018

Discovery of the first body in the Solar System with an extrasolar origin

Asteroid 2015 BZ509 is the very first object in the Solar System shown to have an extrasolar origin. This remarkable discovery was made by CNRS researcher Fathi Namouni and her Brazilian colleague Helena Morais

Could some bodies in our Solar System come from the vicinity of other stars? Astronomers are in disagreement about comets, with some arguing that certain comets may have formed around other stars before being captured by the Sun, although they have never been able to prove it. As for the famous case of Oumuamua, an asteroid that brushed past the Earth in 2017, there is no doubt that it came from another solar system. However, it was just a visitor, briefly passing through before travelling on to other worlds.

 
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Science Spain  MADRID 25/05/2018

New platform for analysing global trade in the last two centuries

Spanish researchers have created an interactive geo-referenced database which is able to analyse global trade in the last two centuries

Researchers for the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), in collaboration with the University of Pisa (Italy), have created an interactive geo-referenced database which is able to analyse global trade in the last two centuries. Thanks to this new platform it is possible to more accurately assign a date to the first economic globalisation, which occurred much earlier than previously thought: in the 1830s.

 
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Science Perú  PERú 25/05/2018

Archaeologists dicover a 1,000-years-old-mummy in Peru

A team from the Université libre de Bruxelles's centre for archaeological research (CReA-Patrimoine) has completed a significant excavation in Pachacamac, Peru

Peter Eeckhout and his team's latest campaign of archaeological excavations has concluded with an exciting surprise: after nine weeks spent exploring the Pre-Colombian site of Pachacamac, in Peru, the researchers from CReA-Patrimoine (ULB Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences) have unearthed a mummy in especially good condition. ‘The deceased is still wrapped in the enormous funeral bundle that served as a coffin,’ points out professor Peter Eeckhout. ‘Discoveries like this one are exceptionally scarce, and this mummy is incredibly well preserved. Samples were collected for carbon-14 dating, but the area in which it was discovered and the type of tomb suggest this individual was buried between 1000 and 1200 AD.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 22/05/2018

Seeking seabird sanctuary

Seabird studies on uninhabited tropical island may lead to island’s protection

 

Isla Boná in the Gulf of Panama is an understudied breeding ground for thousands of tropical seabirds. Marine biologist Héctor Guzmán’s newest research program will contribute to understanding their ecology and the conservation of the island for birds and birders alike.

 
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Science Chile  CHILE 16/05/2018

ALMA finds most-distant oxygen in the Universe

The detection of oxygen in MACS1149-JD1 indicates that an earlier generation of stars had been already formed and expelled processed oxygen by the epoch of observation, which is only about 500 million years after the beginning of the Universe

Astronomers detected a faint but definite signal of oxygen in a galaxy located 13.28 billion light-years away from us, through observations using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). Breaking their records, this marks the most distant oxygen ever detected in the Universe. Referencing infrared observations, the team determined that star formation in the galaxy started at an unexpectedly early stage: 250 million years after the Big Bang.

 
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Science Uruguay  URUGUAY 15/05/2018

Dengue 'hot spots' provide map to chikungunya and Zika outbreaks

Scientists develop a statistical framework in the form of a map to guide proactive interventions for these viral diseases

Identifying dengue fever “hot spots” can provide a predictive map for outbreaks of chikungunya and Zika — two other viral diseases that, along with dengue, are spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

 
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Science Portugal  PORTUGAL 10/05/2018

We look inside the cells and understand how they become cancerous

A study in Barrett's esophagus condition unveiled the role of centrosomes, tiny structures that are smaller than a hair divided hundreds of times, in the development of esophageal cancer. Understanding the centrosomes we can know how this cancer begins

A study in Barrett's esophagus condition unveiled the role of centrosomes, tiny structures that are smaller than a hair divided hundreds of times, in the development of esophageal cancer. Understanding the centrosomes we can know how this cancer begins. Cells begin to accumulate centrosomes-organelles that play a vital role during cell division-before they transform into cancer cells. Understanding the contribution of centrosomes to this process may lead in better treatments.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 07/05/2018

Whale shark logs longest-recorded trans-Pacific migration

Genetic studies show that whale sharks across the globe are closely related, indicating that they must travel long distances to mate

Little is known about the world's largest living fish, gentle giants reaching 12 meters (40 feet) in length. Researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and colleagues tracked a female whale shark from the eastern Pacific to the western Indo-Pacific for 20,142 kilometers (more than 12,000 miles), the longest whale shark migration route ever recorded.

 
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