Nutrition Ecuador  ECUADOR 03/10/2018

Newly discovered hummingbird species already critically endangered

The Blue-throated Hillstar is found only along bush-lined creeks in an area of about 100 square kilometers, and the researchers estimate there are no more than 750 individuals

In 2017, researchers working in the Ecuadorian Andes stumbled across a previously unknown species of hummingbird--but as documented in a new study published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances, its small range, specialized habitat, and threats from human activity mean the newly described Blue-throated Hillstar is likely already critically endangered.

 
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Nutrition Brazil  PERNAMBUCO 01/10/2018

California Academy of Sciences discovers new species of dazzling, neon-colored fish

Named for Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love and beauty, a new species of fish enchants Academy scientists; only known home is remote Brazilian archipelago

On a recent expedition to the remote Brazilian archipelago of St. Paul's Rocks, a new species of reef fish--striped a vivid pink and yellow--enchanted its diving discoverers from the California Academy of Sciences. First spotted at a depth of 400 feet beneath the ocean's surface, this cryptic fish inhabits rocky crevices of twilight zone reefs and is found nowhere else in the world. Upon discovery, the deep-diving team was so captivated by their finned find that they didn't notice a massive sixgill shark hovering above them in an exciting moment captured on camera. The new fish description published today in Zookeys.

 
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 28/09/2018

Violence in pre-columbian Panama exaggerated, new study shows

An oft-cited publication said a pre-Colombian archaeological site in Panama showed signs of extreme violence. A new review of the evidence strongly suggests that the interpretation was wrong

Buried alive. Butchered. Decapitated. Hacked. Mutilated. Killed. Archaeologist Samuel K. Lothrop did not obfuscate when describing what he thought had happened to the 220 bodies his expedition excavated from Panama’s Playa Venado site in 1951. The only problem is that Lothrop likely got it wrong. A new evaluation of the site’s remains by Smithsonian archaeologists revealed no signs of trauma at or near time of death. The burial site likely tells a more culturally nuanced story.

 
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Health Spain  SALAMANCA 25/09/2018

New fluorescent probes to research and diagnose liver and digestive diseases

A project of the University of Salamanca has developed more effective molecules to analyze the state of different tissues from the enterohepatic circuit

Researchers from the University of Salamanca have developed new fluorescent probes that will serve both for research purposes and for the diagnosis of liver and the digestive system diseases. Experts use these molecules to study the state in which the tissues are found, but those used so far offer very limited possibilities.

 
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Nutrition Chile  LOS LAGOS 24/09/2018

Hookworms employ live fast/die young strategy in fur seal pup hosts

Researchers believe the hookworms' short lifespans have evolved to synchronize with the fur seals' reproductive cycles

Hookworms exploit a live fast/die young strategy in their South American fur seal pup hosts, report Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Georgia. As a result, they often kill their host, rather than finding a happy equilibrium. Scientists are concerned that this type of hookworm infection could eventually pose a risk to critically endangered populations of fur seals.

 
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Nutrition Panama  VERAGUAS 21/09/2018

New soft coral species discovered in Panama

'T. dalioi' is named for Ray Dalio, a supporter of marine exploration. Its name is intended to recognize Dalio's valuable contributions to marine research and public outreach

A study in the journal Bulletin of Marine Science describes a new, blood-red species of octocoral found in Panama. The species in the genus Thesea was discovered in the threatened low-light reef environment on Hannibal Bank, 60 kilometers off mainland Pacific Panama, by researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama (STRI) and the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR) at the University of Costa Rica.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 19/09/2018

Putting underused smart devices to work

A new market idea to optimize device usage comes into play

There are currently millions of heavily underutilized devices in the World. The storage, networking, sensing and computational power of laptops, smartphones, routers or base stations grows with each new version and product release. Why not put all those extra gigabytes of memory and those powerful processing units to work collaboratively and expand the services available to all of us?

 
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Nutrition Panama  PANAMÁ 19/09/2018

Could quality of care help address some captive amphibian diseases?

One of many challenges to endangered frog conservation is the diseases they develop in captivity. Understanding how to prevent them is key to successful husbandry practices

When you watch Kathleen Higgins care for her captive Andinobates geminisae populations, you know you have met a frog lover. This species of tiny orange frogs, discovered in Panama in 2014, is being bred in captivity at the Smithsonian’s Gamboa Amphibian Rescue and Conservation Center.

 
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Environment Honduras  HONDURAS 14/09/2018

Birds retreating from climate change and deforestation in Honduras cloud forests

Bird diversity shifts upslope in tropical mountainous terrain

The cloud forests of Honduras can seem like an otherworldly place, where the trees are thick with life that takes in water straight from the air around it, and the soundscape is littered with the calls of animals singing back and forth. Otherworldly, yes, but scientists have found that the cloud forests are not immune to very down-to-earth problems of climate change and deforestation. A 10-year study of bird populations in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, shows that the peak of bird diversity in this mountainous park is moving higher in elevation. Additional land protection, unfortunately, may not be enough to reverse the trend, driven in part by globally rising temperatures. The study is published in Biotropica.

 
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Nutrition Panama  PANAMÁ 13/09/2018

Old species learn new tricks…very slowly

Aaron O’Dea and colleagues show that when the Caribbean was cut off from the Pacific by the rise of the Panama land bridge, evolutionarily old species took longer to expand into new habitats than evolutionarily younger species did

A quick look at the fossil record shows that no species lasts forever. On average, most species exist for around a million years, although some species persist for much longer. A new study published in Scientific Reports from paleontologists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama shows that young species can take advantage of new opportunities more easily than older species: a hint that perhaps older species are bound to an established way of life.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 12/09/2018

A model enabling Pan-European electronic identification is being developed

A project led by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Scientists from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have led a European R+D+I project named “eID@Cloud”, in which a model of platforms in the cloud has been developed with the objective of providing the European citizen with access to public and private national services from any state in Europe using only electronic identification from their respective countries.

 
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Science Chile  CHILE 11/09/2018

Fierce winds quench wildfire-like starbirth in far-flung galaxy

However, astronomers have been unable to directly observe these powerful outflows in the very early universe

Astronomers using ALMA, with the aid of a gravitational lens, havedetected the most-distant galactic “wind” of molecules ever observed, seen when the universe was only one billion years old. By tracing the outflow of hydroxyl (OH) molecules, which herald the presence of star-forming gas in galaxies, the researchers show how some galaxies in the early universe quenched an ongoing wildfire of starbirth.

 
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Health Brazil  BRASIL 10/09/2018

New treatment reduces pain in patients with fibromyalgia

A scientific study has shown that application to the palms instead of to tender points on different parts of the body has better analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects

A new device that combines low-intensity laser light and therapeutic ultrasound considerably reduces the pain experienced by patients with fibromyalgia. A scientific study has shown that application to the palms instead of to tender points on different parts of the body has better analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. As a result of pain reduction, patients also sleep better and are able to perform daily tasks with less discomfort. Their overall quality of life also improves.

 
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Culture Spain  MADRID 06/09/2018

'The gens isiaca in Hispania': Egyptian gods in Roman Spain

Developed by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have developed a geo-localised database which enables archaeological pieces from ancient religions to be located on the Iberian Peninsula. This platform, named “The gens isiaca in Hispania”, provides a catalogue with more than 200 remains from the Roman age on Isis and other Egyptian gods.

 
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 06/09/2018

ALMA observed an unstoppable monster in the early universe

Monster galaxies are thought to be the ancestors of the huge elliptical galaxies in today’s Universe; therefore, these findings pave the way to understand the formation and evolution of such galaxies

Astronomers obtained the most detailed anatomy chart of a monster galaxy located 12.4 billion light-years away. Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), the team revealed that the molecular clouds in the galaxy are highly unstable, which leads to runaway star formation. Monster galaxies are thought to be the ancestors of the huge elliptical galaxies in today’s Universe; therefore, these findings pave the way to understand the formation and evolution of such galaxies.

 
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Technology Spain  MADRID 05/09/2018

A location system to drive future wireless innovation

The new system will enable the early experimental investigation of network applications that use real-time location data and other context information in challenging indoor environments

There are many barriers to innovation in wireless communications. Inadequate documentation, uncooperative chipset manufacturers, widely varying hardware and software specifications, steep learning curves in the experimentation phase and difficulties in prototyping are among the biggest issues that hamper development.

 
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Nutrition Spain  SALAMANCA 03/09/2018

A new procedure allows treating used motor oil to exploit its potential energy

Researchers at the University of Salamanca study the use of supercritical water to transform highly hazardous organic pollutants into new high-calorific compounds

Used motor lubricating oils are currently considered one of the most important pollutant liquids in the European Union. Little more than 60% can be recycled, the rest is incinerated with the objective of taking advantage of its energetic power, which entails high environmental contamination risks. Researchers from the University of Salamanca are working to innovate in this field. In particular, they intend to use a very advanced technology, oil gasification with supercritical water, to transform them into other valuable compounds.

 
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Nutrition Brazil  BRASIL 31/07/2018

Amphibians face many challenges in Brazilian rain forest

The team's research establishes a baseline measuring the relationship between species occurrences and landscape features, including forest cover, topography and agriculture

Deforestation remains the biggest threat to animals that call the rain forest "home." However, even measured, sensible development projects can have unforeseen effects because there's no model to follow.

 
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Nutrition Portugal  PORTUGAL 27/07/2018

A protein that promotes compatibility between chromosomes after fertilization

The study, now published in the scientific journal 'EMBO reports', may pave the way for future developments in the clinical management of infertile couples

A research team from the Center for Biomedical Research (CBMR), at the University of Algarve (UAlg), and Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC), led by Rui Gonçalo Martinho (UAlg) and Paulo Navarro-Costa (UAlg and IGC) has identified the mechanism by which the fertilized egg balances out the differences between chromosomes inherited from the mother and the father. The study, now published in the scientific journal EMBO reports*, may pave the way for future developments in the clinical management of infertile couples.

 
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Technology Spain  SALAMANCA 27/07/2018

A technological platform to overcome the fear of driving

A project of the University of Salamanca teaches psychological techniques 'online' to improve road safety

Many people suffer from amaxophobia or fear of driving a vehicle, which besides being a problem for personal daily life, can put road safety at risk. Faced with this situation, researchers, psychologists and experts from the University of Salamanca have worked on the project 'Development of a Computer Application for Amaxophobic and Risk Behavior in Driving' (DAICRAC), which aims to provide an effective solution to this problem.

 
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