Social Sciences Chile  CHILE 07/03/2014

ALMA sees wreckage of comet collisions in nearby solar system

The new results are published today in the journal 'Science'

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope in northern Chile have today announced the discovery of an unexpected clump of carbon monoxide gas in the dusty disc around the star Beta Pictoris. This is a surprise, as such gas is expected to be rapidly destroyed by the star’s UV radiation. Something — probably frequent collisions between small, icy objects such as comets — must be causing the gas to be continuously replenished. The new results are published today in the journal Science.

Recreación del choque de cometas. FOTO: ALMA.
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Nutrition Colombia  ANTIOQUIA 06/03/2014

New study suggests that people of African descent are more resistant to DHF

Researchers from the University of Antioquia have revealed a putative role for the genetic ancestry in the development of dengue hemorrhagic fever. The study suggests that people of predominantly African ancestry are more resistant to DHF infection

Juan Camilo Chacón, 25, who has a MA in Biology from the University of Antioquia, is the co-author of this groundbreaking study. Chacón's brothers died from cystic fibrosis, an incurable hereditary disorder, which caused him to become interested in genetics. Chacón has a master’s degree in biology and is currently pursuing a PhD in Evolutionary Genetics at University College London (UCL). He is also a member of the Molecular Genetics Research Group (GENMOL) at the University of Antioquia. In addition, Chacón received honorable mention from the National Academy of Medicine in 2013 for his research proposal The relationship between ancestral genetic composition and dengue fever in Colombian population samples, which he wrote as part of his master’s thesis while finishing his MSc in Biology at the University of Antioquia.

Juan Camilo Chacón Duque tiene 25 años y cursa un doctorado en Génética Evolutiva en la Universidad College London, en Inglaterra. FOTO: UDEA.
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Nutrition Panama  PANAMÁ 04/03/2014

Risky ripples: Frog´s love song may summon kiss of death

This project, published in Science, was made possible with funds from STRI, the U.S. National Science Foundation and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Male Túngara frogs call from puddles to attract females. The production of the call incidentally creates ripples that spread across the water. Researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama revealed that these ripples are used by other male frogs to assess the level of competition in the puddle. Unfortunately for the frogs, their main predator, the frog-eating bat, senses the ripples too, making the frogs easier targets.

El murciélago que se alimenta de ranas, el Trachops cirrhosus, utiliza varios sentidos distintos para localizar a su presa, la rana Túngara, Physalemus pustulosus. Crédito de imagen: Christian Ziegler
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Culture Spain  MADRID 03/03/2014

Journalists use social networks, but they don’t trust them

The ones that are most used are Facebook and Twitter, mainly to publish information about the media outlet where they work

The majority of Spanish journalists use social networks in their daily work although they do not trust them. This is one of the main conclusions drawn from research done at Universidad Carlos III in Madrid (UC3M) that analyzes how communication professionals make use of these platforms.

Redes sociales. Imagen: UC3M.
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Technology Spain  MADRID 27/02/2014

Robotic technology in the service of fashion

Two companies receiving support from the Business Incubator in Universidad Carlos III in Madrid’s (UC3M) Science Park are innovating the field of fashion

Two companies receiving support from the Business Incubator in Universidad Carlos III in Madrid’s (UC3M) Science Park are innovating the field of fashion by using technology based in robotics. Samsamia is launching a mobile application – Dresscovery – that identifies a bag just by taking a photo of it, while beMee is creating a system, called Proximus, that locates people visiting a shopping mall in order to better serve them.

Aplicación para moda. Foto: UC3M.
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Health Argentina  ARGENTINA 26/02/2014

Pioneers in the implementation of superselective intraocular chemotherapy

They improved a technique that increases the chances of sight preservation in retinoblastoma, which represents 15% of cancer cases in children under one year

An interdisciplinary team of scientists from different institutions and specializations managed to develop and apply in Argentina a superselective infusion technique of intraocular chemotherapy for treatment of advanced retinoblastoma. The availability of this therapy at the J.P. Garrahan Pediatric Hospital makes it the third institute worldwide in terms of the number of treated patients and a pioneer in the implementation of this technique in Latin America.

Schaiquevich y Chantada en su laboratorio. Foto: CONICET fotografía.
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Nutrition Panama  PANAMÁ 25/02/2014

Introduction through Panama Canal? Pacific jingle shell found in caribbean

The 50-mile (80-kilometer) Panama Canal has been transited more than one million times since its inauguration almost 100 years ago, potentially providing organisms with endless opportunities to stow away on the vessels of international trade

In 2009 a team of STRI researchers raised sea-critter covered PVC plates from a marina in Limón Bay on Panama’s Caribbean coast and found something unexpected: Peruvian jingle shells, bivalves native to the Pacific. In subsequent years the small creature, known for its thin and iridescent shells, appeared on settlement plates in other locations around the Atlantic side of the Panama Canal.

Bivalvos del Pacífico se han introducido a través del Canal de Panamá. FOTO: STRI.
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Nutrition Colombia  COLOMBIA 24/02/2014

“Wild oregano” and its antiviral oils production maximized

Medicinal plants, herbs and spices continue to be the tools most used by Colombians for treating illnesses and diseases

Lippia also known as “Bushy Matgrass” or “wild oregano” has elevated contents of carvacrol y thymol; chemical substances with antiviral, antifungal and bactericide properties. As stated by UNal-Palmira Medicinal Plant Research Group Director Professor Manuel Sánchez, who has successfully obtained greater yields of this recognized plant using a nitrogen fertilizer, specifically urea.

Orégano de monte. FOTO: UN.
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Technology Mexico  MÉXICO 21/02/2014

Smart shock-absorbers to avert accidents, on and off the road

Car accidents due to damaged roads or industrial accidents due to failure control flaws could be a thing of the past thanks to Tecnológico de Monterrey researchers who have created smart shock absorber and surveillance systems

According to the WHO, over 2% of world deaths are related to car accidents caused by drivers losing control at high speeds over rough roads. These accidents could be avoided by an automatic monitoring and diagnostic of mechanical system malfunction.

Dr. Rubén Morales Menendez and his pupils build an automatic control by using electro-rheological dampers, which change their dynamic behavior by varying electric current. FOTO: ITESM.
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Technology Colombia  CALDAS 19/02/2014

Microorganisms could help seal cement cracks

In the near future researchers will embark on tests such as adding bacteria to cement mixtures and making cement cubes in order to test them against cubes without calcite

Isolating microorganisms which form calcite (calcium carbonate crystals), scientists are researching producing material which could provide greater durability to cement. These types of microorganisms could help seal micro-fissures in the internal structure of bio-cement in an eco-friendly manner. When cement mixture is prepared small air-filled voids remain.

Material que aporta mayor durabilidad al cemento. FOTO: UN.
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 13/02/2014

Astronomers discovered a drastic chemical change in the birth of a planetary system

As a result of the observations, Sakai et al. have found that carbon-chain molecules and their related species such as cyclic-C3H2 almost completely disappear in the gas phase

So far, the interstellar matter was believed to be smoothly brought into a gas disk forming a planetary system as it is. Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), a team led by Dr. Nami Sakai has been able to observe a drastic chemical change associated with the formation of the disk around the young protostar L1527 in the Taurus molecular cloud.

Gracias al Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), un equipo de astrónomos encabezado por la Dra. Nami Sakai observó una drástica transformación en la nube molecular de Taurus.  FOTO: ALMA.
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Health Argentina  ARGENTINA 11/02/2014

Scientists prove that reducing the expression of a protein in the liver might attenuate liver fibrosis

CONICET researchers proved the active role of the SPARC protein in liver fibrosis. A potential therapy for liver diseases

Guillermo Mazzolini Rizzo, hepatologist and CONICET independent researcher at the Gene Therapy Laboratory of the School of Biomedical Sciences of the Austral University in Buenos Aires, has been studying for ten years the role of the osteonectin protein, or SPARC, in the hepatic fibrosis, a process that progressively replaces the hepatic tissue with fibrous tissue, caused by different pathologies, and thus it could lead to cirrhosis.

El médico hepatólogo e investigador Guillermo Mazzolini. Foto: gentileza investigador.
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Culture Spain  MADRID 10/02/2014

Research analyzes the cultural construction of nudes in Roman mosaics

The female nudes in Roman mosaics exalt beauty, the carnality and eroticism, while male bodies reflect determination, strength and power

The female nudes in Roman mosaics exalt beauty, the carnality and eroticism, while male bodies reflect determination, strength and power. This is one of the conclusions of research being carried out at the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid (UC3M) that analyzed the cultural construction and ideological implications of these artistic representations in which female predominate as compared to those of males.

Leda y el cisne Crédito: Luz Neira / UC3M.


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Nutrition Mexico  NUEVO LEÓN 05/02/2014

A robot rises, and teaches

Tecnológico de Monterrey Puebla Campus' School of Information Technologies and Engineering students have created "Lazarus", a robot with human traits, chief among them the ability to teach. It could prove to be an affordable option for research centers

Mechatronics engineering alumni Daniel Flores, Roberto Tejeda, Carlos Reyes, and Octavio Tonatiuh Morales are the brains behind "Lazarus", a project embarked upon within the “Applied Robotics” course taught by Hugo González, PhD.

Robot: Lazarus is a humanoid robot, ie with arms, legs, head, hands and skills as object detection and scheduling routines. FOTO: ITESM.
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Nutrition Spain  MADRID 03/02/2014

Research on a new, more ecological system for painting airplanes

Developing a new, more ecological system for painting airplanes, based on an experimental technique used in Materials Science

Developing a new, more ecological system for painting airplanes, based on an experimental technique used in Materials Science. That is the objective of the European research project known as GreenGELAIR that began recently and in which scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) are participating.

Detalle del trabajo en un laboratorio de Ciencia de Materiales. Foto: UC3M.
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Social Sciences Argentina  TUCUMÁN 30/01/2014

In search of comprehension of archaeological contexts in Tucumán

CONICET researchers study prehispanic agricultural practices, its history and ways of inhabiting the Calchaquí Valley

As testimonies of pre-Columbian Cultures, Archaeological sites of the province of Tucumán conserve emblematic fragments of the history of South America. There are Inca settlements and vestiges of previous aboriginal cultures where their practices before the Spanish conquest remain explicit.

María Marta Sampietro Vattuone, investigadora independiente del CONICET . Foto: cortesía del investigador.
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Technology Mexico  MÉXICO 29/01/2014

Light therapy advanced for autistic kids

Tecnológico de Monterrey Guadalajara Campus Electronic Technology Engineering students won the grand prize at the Dell Education Challenge 2013 held December 9-13 in Dallas, Texas with an Applied Behavior Analysis-based project involving illumination cu

"Abby" is the name of the Tecnológico de Monterrey Guadalajara Campus Electronic Technology Engineering students' winning project that took first place at the Dell Education Challenge 2013. Consisting of four devices -an illumination cube, an illumination table, vibrating cubes, and a color-changing table- the set aids autistic kids. The students faced off against 815 competitors from 45 countries. Only three projects advanced to the grand finale, one of them being Abby.

The winning team of Dell Education Challenge 2013 is composed of students from the Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Guadalajara. -
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Health Spain  MADRID 27/01/2014

New biomedical diagnostics using personalized 3D imaging

This innovation enables 3D images of living organisms to be obtained with greater speed and precision. In broad terms

Researchers at the firm 4DNature and the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) are developing a new technology, called helical optical projection tomography, which improves biomedical diagnostic 3D imaging.

Tecnología para el diagnóstico en 3D. Foto: UC3M.
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Nutrition Argentina  ARGENTINA 24/01/2014

Scientists collaborated on a study on the origins of the domestic dog

Two Argentine anthropologists participated in an investigation that suggests that the link between men and canids started in Europe

The geographic and temporary origins of the canids’ domestication have aroused controversy in the scientific field. Although there are hypotheses that support the fact that this process initiated 15.000 years ago in the east of Asia, the results of a recent study – where Argentine researchers participated – indicate that the process would have started in Europe between 18.800 and 32.100 years ago.

Sitio en el que se encontraron los restos del perro prehispánico en el Delta del Paraná. Foto: gentileza investigador.
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Space Chile  ATACAMA 21/01/2014

ALMA Discovers a Formation Site of a Giant Planetary System

A team of Japanese astronomers has obtained a firm evidence of formation of a giant planetary system around a young star by the observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA)

The research team, led by astronomers at Osaka University and Ibaraki University, observed with ALMA a young star named HD142527 in the constellation Lupus (the Wolf). The ALMA image shows that cosmic dust, which is component material of planets, is circling around the star in a form of asymmetric ring. By measuring the density of dust in the densest part of the ring, the astronomers found that it is highly possible that Jupiter-like giant gaseous planets or Earth-like rocky planets are now being formed in that region. This region is far from the central star, about 5 times larger than the distance between the Sun and the Neptune. This is the first firm evidence of planet formation found so far from the central star in a protoplanetary disk. The research team plans further observations of HD142527 with ALMA for closer investigation, as well as other protoplanetary disks to have a comprehensive understanding of the planet formation in general.

Imagen 1 (izquierda). Disco de polvo y gas alrededor de HD142527. La distribución de polvo y gas observada por ALMA se muestra en rojo y verde, respectivamente.Créditos: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), NAOJ, Fukagawa et al.
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