Science Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 26/05/2015
INESPO II

A protein has been found that protects against breast cancer

Research with mice at the Universidade da Beira Interior shows that high levels of regucalcin prevent the development of tumours

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Science Portugal  AVEIRO 26/05/2015
INESPO II

A project aims to promote and protect the monumental trees of Portugal

Although Portugal is particularly rich in outstanding trees and enjoys very advanced legislation, this natural heritage needs to be identified and promoted, according to the University of Aveiro

Monumental trees differ from others of their species owing to their unusual size, their age, or their unusual shape, which means that they are of special natural, historical, cultural, or landscape interest. Characteristics such as their height, trunk diameter, crown shape, or their having witnessed historical events or appearing in myths and legends make these trees of public interest and therefore protected by law.

Araucaria bidwillii, árvore classificada de Interesse Público com 155 anos (Coimbra).
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Education Spain  LEÓN 26/05/2015
INESPO II

An ULE Group researches knowledge management by university students

The Didactic Excellence, Innovation, and Quality Research Group led by Professor Isabel Cantón Mayo has analysed the knowledge management of teacher training students

The Didactic Excellence, Innovation, and Quality Research Group of the Universidad de León (ULE), which is attached to the Department of General and Specific Didactics and Education Theory and led by Professor Isabel Cantón Mayo, is working on a line of research concentrating on knowledge management by university students.

Apuntes de un estudiante.
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Science Spain  ZAMORA 26/05/2015
INESPO II

Work on historical buildings in the province of Zamora

Leocadio Peláez, an architect and researcher at the University of Salamanca, explains the keys to restorations such as that of the Church of Valdefinjas or the Church of Santiago del Burgo

Together with a multi-disciplinary research team including historians, archaeologists, geologists, chemists, and engineers, the architect and researcher of the Polytechnic School of Zamora of the University of Salamanca Leocadio Peláez has been carrying out studies and intervention projects in various buildings and historical ensembles in the province of Zamora for over twenty years.

Planta del Monasterio de Moreruela. Imagen: Leocadio Peláez.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 26/05/2015
INESPO II

Researchers from the UVA create models for simulating the world's energy systems

The Research Group for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics is developing global and private energy models, for example for the Spanish transport system

The Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is currently working on several lines of research in order to develop computerised models for simulating the world's global energy systems. The objective is to monitor all energy variables and analyse how they are likely to behave in the future regarding supply and demand.

Combustible.
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Science Portugal  AVEIRO 25/05/2015
INESPO II

The University of Aveiro identifies specific DNA sequences of the Ebola virus

Experts in bioinformatics and computational biology publish a study that allows the distinguishing of different species of the virus and could help to diagnose and treat the disease

Specialists in bioinformatics and computational biology of the Institute of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science of the University of Aveiro (Instituto de Engenharia Electrónica e Telemática de Aveiro, IEETA) have identified specific DNA sequences of the Ebola virus that allow the differentiation of the various species of the latter and the distinguishing of the African outbreak of early 2014 from other episodes of the disease. This work, recently published in the scientific journal Bioinformatics, may have future applications in the diagnosis and treatment of Ebola.

Virus del ébola.
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Education Spain  SALAMANCA 25/05/2015
INESPO II

An application helps the integration in the class of students with auditory problems

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is testing in classrooms an app that transcribes the teacher's words to help children with auditory difficulties

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) has developed an application for mobile devices that aims to help students with auditory difficulties in the classroom. By means of this application known as Integrad@s the teacher can communicate with the student by means of a digital tablet or a mobile phone. When teaching he/she uses a microphone that transmits his/her words and the app transcribes them in real time. This makes it easier for the students to follow the explanations as they visualise in written form the oral expression of the teacher. A group of teachers is currently assessing its operation.

Una profesora prueba la aplicación con una niña con audífono.
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Education Spain  VALLADOLID 25/05/2015
INESPO II

A new teaching methodology gives students the skills companies require

A lecturer of the University of Valladolid has developed an innovative methodology known as Seminars for Collaborative and Competitive Independent Learning or SACC

When an graduate enters the labour market he/she is required to have acquired not only precise knowledge in his field but also a series of skills that have generally not been worked on during his/her university studies. These include the capacity to solve problems under uncertain conditions, creativity, independent work and self-study, social skills such as empathy or the capacity to negotiate, leadership capacity, decision-making, and organisational and planning skills.

Profesores analizan la nueva metodología docente.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

Invasive plants species are being researched

A team from the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is drawing up potential distribution models of foreign plants

The Palynology and Plant Conservation Group of the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is studying invasive plant species in Castilla y León. In accordance with its preliminary studies, in the province of Salamanca alone there are some 80 species of foreign plants, many of which have become naturalised and are displacing native ones and therefore causing problems in various ecosystems.

Hierbas de la Pampa, especie invasora. Foto: Tangopaso.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 22/05/2015
INESPO II

A group from the UVA is researching the energy limits of fossil and renewable resources

The group was officially formed in January and consists of a team of lecturers and researchers from various disciplines such as physics, economics, and engineering

The Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is currently working on several lines of research into the energy limits of fossil resources and renewable energy.

Quemador de petróleo en instalaciones petrolíferas. Foto: Rafael Bastante Casado/Silvia Sánchez Carretón.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

The usability of magazine applications for tablets is being analysed

The Faculty of Communication of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is studying readers' perceptions of new digital devices

Magazines are no longer found only at the kiosk. In common with the remainder of the press, this sector has adapted to new technologies and has sought formulae to reach the reader on mobile devices such as digital tablets. There is however no single solution for achieving this and each editor still continues to search for the most appropriate formula through research and innovation.

Instrucciones para navegar en una revista diseñada para tabletas.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 21/05/2015
INESPO II

The human resources management model affects the stress of nursing staff

The doctoral thesis of the lecturer of the Faculty of Nursing of the University of Valladolid, Manuel Frutos, has analysed the management model of 14 Spanish hospitals to reflect the situation of 703 nurses and 505 technicians in auxiliary nursing care

In common with other professions involving the care and treatment of human beings, nursing produces high levels of occupational stress, which at times reaches the clinical stage known as the Burnout Syndrome. This pathology is characterised by an inner state of saturation in which sufferers feel physically, emotionally, and mentally exhausted. This results in a lack of energy and therefore a reduction in work capacity, a lack of motivation, mood swings, and physical symptoms such as locomotor problems (for instance muscular pains and aching joints) and other psychosomatic alterations (gastrointestinal problems, headaches, dizziness, etc.).

Manuel Frutos, profesor de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Valladolid.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 21/05/2015
INESPO II

The University of Salamanca researches literature from 'la Francophonie'

As well as France, other French-speaking countries enrich and modernise the language and influence contemporary thought

The Faculty of Languages of the University of Salamanca is studying French literature from outside France, in particular from six especially powerful areas: Switzerland, Belgium, Canada, the Maghreb, Black Africa, and the Antilles. The geography, culture, and history of each area influence the thought of the series of countries that form la Francophonie.

Carmen García Cela, profesora del Departamento de Filología Francesa de la Universidad de Salamanca.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 20/05/2015

Researchers identify therapeutic target for treating some kinds of cancer

An international group of researchers are unraveling the role played by a molecule called galectin-3 in the progression of some kinds of cáncer

The research is being done by scientists at the Cancer Translational Research Center of the São Paulo State Cancer Institute (ICESP) in collaboration with colleagues at the University of California, Davis, the Moffitt Research Center in Tampa, Florida, the University of Toronto, Canada, and the Ludwig Cancer Research Institute in São Paulo.

Investigadores del ICESP, en colaboración con colegas de Brasil y del exterior, revelan las funciones que desempeña la molécula galectina-3 en la progresión de tumores metastásicos. FOTO: CL�UDIO AROUCA
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 20/05/2015
INESPO II

A device that combines music, colour, and movement for therapeutic purposes

The University of Valladolid Elena Partesotti has developed a multidisciplinary prototype known as E-MOCOMU, the objective of which is to combine the three dimensions of movement, sound, and colour for therapeutic purposes

Can we hear colours or see sounds? Most of us can't, but synesthetes have this ability together with other capacities. It is estimated that the number of different types of synesthesia is very high, or what amounts to the same thing, some people can experience sensations in a certain sense when another is stimulated. Noted creators such as the painter Wassily Kandinsky and the composer Alexander Scriabin have perceived this crossover of senses (in their case chromesthesia or the association of sounds with colours). But can a person who is not a synesthete experience synesthesia?

Elena Partesotti.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 20/05/2015
INESPO II

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca redefines its research and innovation areas and equipment

The Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Research, Innovation, and New Technologies of the UPSA explains that the university has identified its strengths in the field of research so as to be more in touch with the market and visualise the research teams

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) aims to give a new boost to research and innovation as it has identified five areas with special potential and 10 research teams have shown their quality after a rigorous evaluation. From this starting point the academic institution will endeavour to improve both the transfer of the knowledge generated to society and the specialised teaching available at the three formative levels.

Antonio Sánchez Cabaco, vicerrector de Investigación, Innovación y Nuevas Tecnologías de la UPSA.
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Science Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 19/05/2015
INESPO II

The Universidade da Beira Interior is developing technologies for attending the elderly

New technologies improve the quality and life and the independence of the elderly and their carers

The NetGNA (Next Generation Networks and Applications Group) research team of the Universidade da Beira Interior is working to develop technologies that can be applied to the field of the health and in particular the care of the elderly. Technological developments such as body sensors and mobile signals can improve the quality of life of the elderly and help them to be more independent.

Personas mayores con nuevas tecnologías. Foto: UC3M.
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Education Spain  VALLADOLID 19/05/2015
INESPO II

A European project will design a rural education agency for development

The initiative has been promoted by the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA) and will be developed over the next three years

In collaboration with the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA), the Valladolid County Council is coordinating a European project called the Rural DEAR Agenda (Development, Education and Awareness Raising), the ultimate aim of which is improving the planning of education action for development in the rural world.

Participantes en el proyecto. Foto: Luis Javier Miguel.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 19/05/2015
INESPO II

Natural compounds are a very important source of new drugs

The University of Salamanca is analysing data on natural compounds with the aim of making proposals for pharmacological research

The chemical substances present in living creatures such as plants and animals are one of the main sources of drugs, in addition to other products from various fields ranging from food to cosmetics. At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Salamanca, the researcher Marina Gordaliza has been devoted to the study of these natural compounds for years in collaboration with various companies; she is currently concentrating on the detailed analysis of data from this field, which indicates its growing relevance.

Urtica dioica. Foto: Marina Gordaliza.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 19/05/2015

Colorant extracted from turmeric can be useful for combating dengue

A similar principle has been used in experimental applications of photodynamic therapy designed to target tumor cells and infectious agents

A compound extracted from the roots of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), a plant that belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and is also known as Indian saffron, has been successfully tested by researchers in the city of São Carlos, São Paulo State, as a weapon against larvae of the mosquito species that transmits dengue virus. The research is being conducted at the Optics and Photonics Research Center (CEPOF), one of the Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers (RIDCs) funded by Fapesp. The lead investigator of the project is Vanderlei Bagnato, a professor at the University of São Paulo (USP).

En experimentos, el compuesto agregado al agua en criaderos del mosquito transmisor eliminó todas de las larvas tras 8 horas de exposición a la luz solar. FOTO: FAPESP
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