Science Argentina  ARGENTINA 08/10/2015

Scientists develop innovative virtual simulation technology in Tandil

A research team created the first computer assisted virtual environment of Argentina, a system to promote professional training in different priority areas of the country

Coordinated by CONICET post-doctoral fellow Cristian García Bauza, a group of researchers, fellows and Media.Lab teachers at the PLADEMA Institute of the Universidad Nacional del Centro of the province of Buenos Aires designed, programmed and built the first Argentine CAVE (Computer Assisted Virtual Environment), called Rubika for the several possibilities of the Rubik’s cube.

CAVE es una instalación que combina software y hardware que permite al usuario sentirse inmerso en un mundo que parece real pero que es virtual. Foto: CCT Tandil.
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 07/10/2015

Frog's irrational choices could reform understanding of animal mating

The results of this study highlight the influence of context when choosing a mate, and have significant implications for scientists' understanding of sexual selection

In the attempt to choose a mate, it's no surprise that females will select the more "attractive" of two males, but now a new study reveals that female túngara frogs are susceptible to the "decoy" effect, where the introduction of a third, inferior mate results in the female choosing the less attractive of the first two options.

Rana túngara. FOTO: STRI.
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Science Spain  MADRID 02/10/2015

New infrared camera detects gas leaks in industry

This company’s invention, supported by the Business Incubator at the UC3M Science Park, is based on technology patented by researchers from the UC3M Infrared Laboratory

A spin-off of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), Sensia Solutions, has developed a new low-cost infrared camera that makes it possible to quickly and efficiently detect gas leaks that can occur in different industrial facilities.

Cámara infrarroja. Foto: UC3M.
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 02/10/2015

Researchers investigate genes that endow tumor cells with stem cell-like properties

In vitro experiments were performed on cell lines derived from medulloblastoma tumors, the most common type of brain cancer in children

Researchers at the University of São Paulo’s Bioscience Institute (IB-USP) in Brazil are studying a group of human genes that, when expressed in malignant tumors, endow tumor cells with properties similar to those of stem cells, making them more aggressive and resistant to treatment.

Linajes de meduloblastoma, el tipo de cáncer cerebral más común en niños (imagen: Wikimedia Commons)
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Science Colombia  BOGOTÁ D.C. 01/10/2015

Seisms in Venus?

David Tovar a UNal Geologist and University of Minnesota Geological Sciences masters candidate is using planetary geology for researching a very small region in Venus to study global heat diffusion average in heavily fractured areas

“Despite not being able to observe the surface directly due to its dense atmosphere, there is a region called Alpha with high fracturing with faults and folds (an area of approximately 700,000 square km and similar to the size of Texas) that evidence some type of seismic activity,” said Tovar, Cofounder and Codirector of the UNal Planetary Geology and Astrobiology Research Group (TITAN, for its Spanish acronym).

Venus. FOTO: UN
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Science Argentina  ARGENTINA 29/09/2015

Research network to optimize the development of telecommunications’ technology

Scientists at the CONICET explain how they designed the network that aims to connect studies conducted in the country

The objective of the “Research Network for the development of technology in telecommunications” is promote the joint work of scientists and technicians throughout the country in order to optimize the technological and human resources on the subject.

The objective of the Network is the constant interaction of scientists and technicians of all the country to optimize technological and human resources. Illustration: CONICET Design
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Science Spain  MADRID 21/09/2015

A UC3M study analyzes the “virality” of Twitter in electoral processes

there are two levels of conversation with scarcely any points of connection: on one level are the politicians, on the other are the citizens

Research carried out at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) analyzes the participation and receptivity of the messages emitted during the last European elections in 2014. The main conclusion the study reached is that there are two levels of conversation with scarcely any points of connection: on one level are the politicians, controlled by the parties and candidates; on the other are the citizens, freer in their structure and the subjects dealt with.

Política en Twitter. Imagen: UC3M.
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 18/09/2015

Biologists discover skydiving spiders in South American forests

Arachnophobes fearful of spiders jumping, creeping or falling into their beds now have something new to worry about. Some spiders might also glide in through the window

A group of biologists working in Panama and Peru have discovered a type of nocturnal hunting spider, about two inches across that is able to steer while falling, much like a wingsuit flyer, in order to return to the tree from which it fell.

La araña, del género Selenops. FOTO: STRI.
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Science Spain  MADRID 17/09/2015

Analyzing the keys to environmental mobilization through social networks

Recognizing an opportunity, defining a clear message and reacting; these are the three keys

Recognizing an opportunity, defining a clear message and reacting; these are the three keys to the success of environmental campaigns on social networks, according to research by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and INGENIO, a joint center of the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia and CSIC, which also received an international award for the best article about entrepreneurship.

Cadáver de albatros con residuos en su interior. Foto: Chris Jordan.
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Science Argentina  ARGENTINA 15/09/2015

Catalysis: the key to the success of chemical processes

Researchers at the CONICET study materials to make chemical reactions more efficient in the petrochemical and oleo chemical industry

At a single glance, an exhaust pipe and a washing powder seem to have nothing in common; however, they both contain therein substances, catalysts, which accelerate the rate of a chemical reaction without changing the end product. From the times of the old alchemists to this time, scientists have studied the mixtures of products that increase the efficiency of the new compounds that are produced from them. Nowadays, more than 80% of the industrial products we consume are produced from catalysis.

Daniel Damiani, investigador principal, María Luján Ferreira, investigadora principal y Gabriela Tonetto, investigadora independiente del CONICET. Foto: CONICET Fotografía.
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 10/09/2015

ALMA discover how lowly dwarf galaxy becomes star-forming powerhouse

An international team of astronomers has discovered an unexpected population of compact interstellar clouds hidden within the nearby dwarf irregular galaxy

A nearby dwarf galaxy poses an intriguing mystery: How is it able to form brilliant star clusters without the dusty, gas-rich environments found in larger galaxies? The answer, astronomers believe, lies in densely packed and previously unrecognized nuggets of star-forming material sprinkled throughout the galaxy.

ALMA descubrió una inesperada población de nubes interestelares compactas dentro de la galaxia enana irregular WLM. Créditos: B. Saxton (NRAO/AUI/NSF); M. Rubio et al., Universidad de Chile, ALMA (NRAO/ESO/NAOJ); D. Hunter y A. Schruba, VLA (NRAO/AUI/N
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 07/09/2015

New reef fish found off Curaçao

The fish takes its name, published in the journal 'ZooKeys', from Substation Curaçao’s Curasub, a submersible that caters to tourists, adventurers and researchers

Discoveries keep bubbling up from the Caribbean Sea as Carole Baldwin and Ross Robertson of the Smithsonian Institution’s Deep Reef Observation Project name a fourth new tropical fish, the yellow-spotted sand goby, Coryphopterus curasub.

Gobio de arena amarillo con manchas, el Coryphopterus curasub. FOTO: STRI.
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Science Spain  MADRID 31/07/2015

Half of the most popular news on Twitter is not covered by traditional news media sources

Half of the news that appears on Twitter as “trending topics” goes unmentioned in the traditional news media

Half of the news that appears on Twitter as “trending topics” goes unmentioned in the traditional news media, and when both sources carry it, 60% of the stories appear first on the social network. Those are some of the conclusions of a study which analyzes the dissemination of news on Twitter compared with the traditional media.

Twitter. Imagen: UC3M.
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 31/07/2015

Project set to investigate origins of mineral deposits on floor of Atlantic

An international consortium of scientists from universities and research institutions in Brazil and the United Kingdom plans to find out how these polymetallic deposits

Deposits of various metals can be found in some areas of the ocean bottom at water depths as great as 5,000 m. The most frequent are manganese nodules with diameters of 10-20 cm. They cover much of the deep sea floor in the surface layer of sediment and contain iron, copper, nickel and cobalt as well as manganese.

Nódulos polimetálicos: imagen tomada desde el sumergible de investigación Shinkai 6500, de Jamstec (Japón), a 4.200 metros de profundidad, a lo largo de la costa sudeste-sur de Brasil.
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Science Colombia  BOGOTÁ D.C. 29/07/2015

Nutritional value of Amazonian palm oil is similar to olive oil

One of the purposes of this research project headed by Professor María Soledad Hernández is to maximize oil extraction carried out by Amazonian Indian communities

Analysis carried out on sehe palm oil determined great nutritional similarities with olive oil. Furthermore they discovered high Omega 3 and 9 levels, superior to African palm oil. As deduced from a UNal Food Science and Technology Institute (ICTA, for its Spanish acronym) research project which focused on obtaining sehe palm (Oenocarpus bataua) oil and its uses. This palm originally found in the Amazonian region also thrives in the Provinces of Chocó and Boyacá and the eastern plains.

La palma de seje (Oenocarpus bataua) es de la región amazónica, pero también crece en zonas del Chocó, Boyacá y los Llanos Orientales
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Science Spain  MADRID 28/07/2015

“Organic semi-conductors are inexpensive, flexible, transparent, lightweight, allowing for new electronic devices”

Interview with Lucas Viani, UC3M CONEX researcher

Lucas Viani (Ribeirão Preto, Brazil; 1983) carries out research on organic semi-conductors in the Instituto Universitario sobre Modelización y Simulación en Fluidodinámica, Nanociencia y Matemática Industrial "Gregorio Millán Barbany" within the framework of the CONEX program (CONnecting EXcellence) at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M). This talent attraction program is supported by the European Union (Marie Curie actions of the 7th Framework Program), the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the Banco Santander.

Lucas Viani. Foto: UC3M.
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 27/07/2015

Novel Brazilian HIV vaccine strategy will be tested in monkeys

Vaccine antigen will be inserted into the genomes of attenuated smallpox virus and chimpanzee adenovirus to boost immune response

Having obtained encouraging results last year in initial trials of a Brazilian HIV vaccine in monkeys, researchers at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine (FMUSP) and Heart Institute (INCOR-USP), as well as the Butantan Institute, will submit the vaccine to a new set of immunization experiments, also in monkeys.

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Science Chile  ATACAMA 23/07/2015

ALMA witnesses assembly of galaxies in the early universe for the first time

By combining the new ALMA observations with computer simulations, it has been possible to understand in detail key processes occurring within the first galaxies

The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has been used to detect the most distant clouds of star-forming gas yet found in normal galaxies in the early Universe. The new observations allow astronomers to start to see how the first galaxies were built up and how they cleared the cosmic fog during the era of reionization. This is the first time that such galaxies are seen as more than just faint blobs.

ALMA observa cómo se forman las galaxias en el Universo temprano.
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Science Colombia  CUNDINAMARCA 17/07/2015

The Captain fish will repopulate the Cundinamarca-Boyacá Provinces high plateau water bodies

UNal researchers are currently working on a repopulation plan on the water sources of the Cundinamarca-Boyacá Provinces high plateau from a sample of 90 species gathered in the high basin of the Bogotá River

The captain fish (Eremophilus mutisii) is a solitary, calm and endemic fish which was lost from the memory of Colombians, especially the inhabitants of the Savannah of Bogotá. The tributaries of the Negro, Frío, Chicú, Balsillas, Juan Amarillo, Fucha, Tunjuelo and Soacha Rivers were formerly the natural habitat of the cold water guardian and was one of the main food sources of the region. 

Pez capitán. FOTO: UN
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 15/07/2015

Glass ceramic material is effective for treatment of dentin hypersensitivity

The material is also being tested in ocular implants and artificial middle ear bones, among other applications

Researchers at the University of São Paulo’s Dentistry School in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State, Brazil, are testing a glass-ceramic material for use in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity. This condition, which manifests as acute pain in response to hot or cold drinks and food, arises from exposed dentin surfaces due to receding gums. Dentin is the tissue that forms the bulk of a tooth.

Hilos de biovidrio: el material se adhiere a huesos, dientes y cartílagos. FOTO: PHELIPE JANNING/ FAPESP
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