Science Spain  VALLADOLID 17/04/2015
INESPO II

Arcadia: a project for highlighting the archaeological heritage

The Arcadia Institute for Cultural Promotion of the University of Valladolid was founded in the year 2000 by the lecturer Manuel Rojo Guerra. In its 15 years of existence it has awarded over 150 grants for archaeological research

Arcadia is an Institute for Cultural Promotion that arose in the year 2000 from the Department of Prehistory, Archaeology, Social Anthropology and Science, and Historiographical Techniques of the University of Valladolid. It is attached to the General Foundation of the University of Valladolid (Fundación General de la Universidad de Valladolid, FUNGE) and its main objective is the promotion of projects of the research, dissemination, and highlighting of heritage matters.

El equipo de investigación de Arcadia trabajando en el abrigo de Valmayor XI. FOTO: Manuel Rojo Guerra.
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Science Colombia  COLOMBIA 17/04/2015

Iron nanocubes will help decontaminate water

Lead, mercury and orange II colorant will be inhibited by iron nanocubes developed between UNal and the University of Purdue

“In absence of a magnetic field, the behavior of these pollutants is like a liquid but in presence of this field, materials with iron nanoparticles acquire properties as if they were solids and may be easily eliminated,” said Professor Álvaro Duarte, who heads the UNal Department of Chemistry’s Group of New Nano and Supramolecular Materials.

Los nanocubos de hierro serán usados para descontaminar aguas residuales. FOTO: UN
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 16/04/2015
INESPO II

Nitric oxide is vital for the germination of seeds

The Hispano-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (Instituto Hispanoluso de Investigaciones Agrarias, CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is beginning to obtain results as part of a European project that aims to make better quality seeds availa

A team from the Hispano-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca has confirmed that nitric oxide (NO), a molecule that regulates many plant processes, is vital for seed germination. The finding is part of an extensive project designed to improve seed quality in which researchers from several European countries are taking part.

�scar Lorenzo, en el invernadero del CIALE.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 16/04/2015

New strategy can help to prevent and treat sepsis in diabetics

A new strategy with the potential to treat sepsis in patients with type 1 diabetes has been proposed by researchers at the USP in a paper published in the journal 'Science Signaling'

In experiments with diabetic mice, the research group at USP’s Biomedical Science Institute (ICB) achieved a 40% reduction in mortality due to sepsis by treating the animals with a substance that inhibits the synthesis of an inflammatory mediator known as leukotriene B4 (LTB4). Similar drugs are already used to combat asthma and other allergic conditions. “Our work shows that type 1 diabetic mice present sterile inflammation that is dependent on this mediator, LTB4. This base inflammation increases the susceptibility to sepsis,” said Luciano Filgueiras, the first author of the paper. Inflammation is termed sterile when it is not due to infection.

Macrófagos de ratón diabético obtenidos mediante inmunofluorescencia. FOTO: LUCIANO FILGUEIRAS
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Science Spain  LEÓN 15/04/2015
INESPO II

Cases of infection by Janibacter terrae in humans are published for the first time

The study published in the ‘Infection’ journal shows that this bacteria is not only present in the environment, as up to now it had been exclusively isolated from the soil

Researchers from the departments of Clinical Microbiology and Internal Medicine of the University Welfare Complex of León, the Institute of Biomedicine of the University of León (IBIOMED), the National Microbiology Centre of the Carlos III Health Institute, and the University School of Physiotherapy of the Spanish Organisation for the Blind (Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles, ONCE) of Madrid have published for the first time four cases of bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the blood) owing to Janibacter terrae in humans.

Cultivo de J. terrae en MHS a las 72 horas de incubación en aerobiosis a 35 grados. FOTO: I. Fernández Natal.
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 15/04/2015

Complex organic molecules discovered in infant star system: hints that prebiotic chemistry is universal

For the first time, astronomers have detected the presence of complex organic molecules, the building blocks of life, in a protoplanetary disk surrounding a young star

This discovery, made with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), reveals that the protoplanetary disk surrounding the million-year-old star MWC 480 is brimming with methyl cyanide (CH3CN), a complex carbon-based molecule. Both this molecule and its simpler cousin hydrogen cyanide (HCN) were found in the cold outer reaches of the star's newly formed disk, in a region that astronomers believe is analogous to our own Kuiper Belt -- the realm of icy planetesimals and comets beyond Neptune.

Artist impression of the protoplanetary disk surrounding the young star MWC 480. FOTO: ALMA
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 13/04/2015
INESPO II

A national project will document some 50,000 ceramics from the Els Trocs Cave

Researchers led by the lecturer of the University of Valladolid Manuel Rojo Guerra will record all the material from the various excavations carried out since 2009 on this Neolithic site

Scientists of the Research Group into the Recent Prehistory and Protohistory of the Spanish northern plateau of the University of Valladolid, led by the lecturer Manuel Rojo Guerra, are working on the 2013-2016 National Research Plan Paths of the Neolithic II: analysis and documentation. Its ultimate objective is to study and record all the material from the various excavations carried out since 2009 in the Els Trocs Cave in the Aita Ribagorza region in the province of Huesca, a Neolithic site some 7,300 years old.

Cerámicas recuperadas de la cueva de Els Trocs, en la alta Ribagorza (Huesca). FOTO: Manuel Rojo Guerra.
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Science Argentina  ARGENTINA 13/04/2015

The key to treat cardiovascular diseases could lie in the heart of the fruit fly

Researchers at Conicet use this insect as a study model to find information about heart failures or arrhythmia in humans

Drosophila melanogaster is the scientific name of the fruit fly. Apart from the morphological differences they have with human beings, both have similar genetic characteristics. For this reason, the insect has been usually used as a study model for human cardiovascular diseases. A group of scientists, led by Paola Ferrero, assistant researcher of the Conicet at the Cardiovascular Research Centre (Centro de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares CIC, Conicet – UNLP), undertake a project called “Drosophila melanogaster as a study model to research into human cardiovascular diseases”.

Manuela Santalla y Paola Ferrero en su laboratorio. FOTO: CCT LA PLATA
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 10/04/2015
INESPO II

A study shows serious deficiencies in the sex education of university students

A study of the University of Salamanca alerts us to the dependence of young women on their partners

A study of the University of Salamanca shows a great lack of knowledge of sexual health among young university students of the first academic years of this institution. Ignorance of diseases of sexual transmission and risky behaviour are common. Moreover, the research also detected that young women have a high emotional dependence on their male partners; this was not the case in previous generations.

Pareja de jóvenes en un parque. Foto: INTEF.
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Science Colombia  COLOMBIA 10/04/2015

Jupiter satellite similar to Earth in its beginnings

The volcanic activity from Io, a satellite of Jupiter is similar to that of Earth in its beginnings. This was a conclusion of the first research project on planetary volcanology carried out at UNal

According to UNal alumnus and US doctoral volcanology candidate, David Fernando Tovar, this discovery leads to the idea that comparing the situation of Earth with this Jupiter moon, volcanic activity is considerable greater in the latter.

�o, satélite de Júpiter, el más activo del Sistema Solar. FOTO: UN
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Science Brazil  BRASIL 09/04/2015

Study reveals how enzymes act to protect the genome

Researchers at Cornell University in the United States describe a new technique that reveals details of the action of enzymes responsible for protecting the genome

In an article published in the journal Molecular Cell, researchers at Cornell University in the United States describe a new technique that reveals details of the action of enzymes responsible for protecting the genome against problems occurring during the DNA replication process. The authors include three Brazilians: Marcus Bustamante Smolka and José Renato Cussiol, who are former recipients of doctoral scholarships from FAPESP and are currently at Cornell, as well as Francisco Bastos de Oliveira, who recently earned tenure as an associate professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
 

Representación de la acción de las cinasas durante la replicación del ADN. ILUSTRACI�N: FAPESP
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Science Argentina  ARGENTINA 08/04/2015

New advances in the fight against cancer

A study reveals the interactions among certain microorganisms, the immune system and the development of tumors

A collaborative study between the laboratory of researcher José Conejo García of the University of Philadelphia, USA, and the Laboratorio de Inmunopatología del Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (IBYME, CONICET-FIBYME) revealed the relationship between certain microbes and the growth of distal tumor in the organism. According to the result, some intestinal bacteria activate Toll-like receptors (Toll 5 or TLR5). This leads to several inflammations that trigger tumor growth. For the researchers, the possibility of deciphering the interactions between some microbes and the immune system will promote the discovery of new ways to battle cancer.

Gabriel Rabinovich, investigador superior y Mariana Salatino, investigadora adjunta del CONICET. Foto: Comunicación Institucional IBYME.
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Science Chile  ATACAMA 07/04/2015

ALMA Disentangles Complex Birth of Giant Stars

The observation results shows the presence of multiple, or at least two, gas outflows from a protostar, indicating the possible existence of two new-born stars in this region

A research group led by Aya Higuchi, a researcher at Ibaraki University in Japan, conducted observations of the massive-star forming region IRAS 16547-4247 with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). The observation results shows the presence of multiple, or at least two, gas outflows from a protostar, indicating the possible existence of two new-born stars in this region. Also, the radio observation results of molecular line emission of methanol revealed in vivid detail an hourglass structure created by gas outflows spreading outward while thrusting the ambient gas cloud away. It is the first time that such an hourglass structure was found in observations of methanol in high-mass star forming regions. 

Representación artística de la distribución del gas ambiente que rodea IRAS 16547-4247. FOTO: ALMA OBSERVATORY
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Science Panama  PANAMÁ 06/04/2015

Orchid bees in the fast lane

To test a controversial theory about what sets the pace of life, scientists compare metabolism and membrane lipid composition of 22 species of orchid bees

To test a controversial theory about what sets the pace of life, scientists worked at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama to compare metabolism and membrane lipid composition of 22 species of orchid bees of different sizes. Their findings support a theory that the cell membranes of animals in the fast lane—that have high metabolic rates—are different from the cell membranes of animals with a slower pace of life, at least in the proportion of the fatty acids they contain.

Especie de abeja de la orquídea. FOTO: STRI
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 27/03/2015
INESPO II

The UPSA researches the key factors of corporate reputation

Experts from the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca have analysed the aspects that influence the perception of the electricity and insurance sector and are currently studying on-line reputation management

The Technological Management and Knowledge Ethics research group of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) has been researching the key factors of corporate reputation for the past five years. The analysis and the measurement of the perception of different groups of the public of two key sectors of the economy, that of electricity companies and that of insurance companies, has currently given rise to research in an avant-garde field: on-line reputation management.

Marcelo Vallejo, investigador del grupo de Gestión Tecnológica y �tica del Conocimiento de la UPSA.
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Science Spain  MADRID 26/03/2015

A UC3M patent can multiply mobile devices’ uploading speed by tenfold

A jacket to connect to any mobile terminal

A patent held by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) makes a jacket able to increase by tenfold the speed at which mobile devices can upload content. This is the MIMO HUB patent, which enables its jacket, in which numerous antennas are camouflaged, to connect to any mobile terminal in order to increase its data transfer speed, reduce its energy consumption and improve its reliability.

Chaqueta inteligente. Foto: UC3M.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 26/03/2015

Pigments from fluorescent flowers can have clinical applications

The petals of fluorescent flowers are pigmented with betalains, a class of colored natural product that is also present in the common beet and in bougainvillea plants

Researchers at the University of São Paulo’s Chemistry Institute (IQ-USP) in Brazil are studying naturally occurring betalains to develop methods for the preparation of betalain derivatives that can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, such as malaria and cancer. The research project Floral betalamic pigments: fluorescence and antiradical capacity, which is supported by FAPESP, was coordinated by Erick Leite Bastos, a professor at IQ-USP.

Rodaja de remolacha, flor maravilla y su emisión de fluorescencia. FOTO: E. L. BASTOS
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Science Argentina  TUCUMÁN 25/03/2015

Learning to look after water

Researchers of the Conicet participate in a project with schools to control water quality of rivers and streams in the province of Tucumán

Water is tasteless, colourless and odourless; and it is more than two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen: it is essential for the development of life. Although it covers more than 70% of the land surface, only 1% of the fresh water is available because the rest is mainly in the sea and the poles. Thus, water is a very scarce resource so it must be looked after and used rationality.

Análisis de insectos en el agua. FOTO: CONICET
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 24/03/2015
INESPO II

The digital showcase of radio

A project of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca aims to make programme planning information and access to the broadcasts of all Spanish radios available to all listeners in a single Internet application

First day of class at the Faculty of Communication Studies. The lecturer is talking about "the dial" of the radio. The what? Some of the young people are not familiar with the term. They have probably never tried to tune in to a radio station on a traditional radio with its dial and numbers indicating the various frequencies on the Medium Wave (MW) or Frequency Modulation (FM) band. They belong to a generation that has grown up with digital media and with mobile phones that give access to almost all contents. The anecdote dates from the beginning of this academic year and reveals a new situation to which not all traditional means of communication are adapting in the same way.

Un usuario utiliza un móvil junto a un viejo aparato de radio.
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Science Portugal  COIMBRA 24/03/2015
INESPO II

A textbook presents Astronomy experiments aimed at Portuguese-speaking students

12 researchers from Portugal and São Tomé and Príncipe have published the book ‘From the Planet Earth to Space’, which has arisen as a result of the holding of the event ‘ECLIPSE 2013: History and Science in Príncipe’

A team of 12 researchers from Portugal and São Tomé and Príncipe have written a book entitled From the Planet Earth to Space that suggests a series of tasks and experiments in areas such as Astronomy, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Cosmology for junior high school pupils. The work, which is mainly aimed at teachers from the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, CPLP), has a initial print run of 750 copies and has had the support of the International Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe and of the Astronomy Development Office of the International Astronomical Union.

Portada del libro Del Planeta Tierra al Espacio.
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