Science Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

Invasive plants species are being researched

A team from the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is drawing up potential distribution models of foreign plants

The Palynology and Plant Conservation Group of the Spanish-Portuguese Institute for Agricultural Research (CIALE) of the University of Salamanca is studying invasive plant species in Castilla y León. In accordance with its preliminary studies, in the province of Salamanca alone there are some 80 species of foreign plants, many of which have become naturalised and are displacing native ones and therefore causing problems in various ecosystems.

Hierbas de la Pampa, especie invasora. Foto: Tangopaso.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 22/05/2015
INESPO II

A group from the UVA is researching the energy limits of fossil and renewable resources

The group was officially formed in January and consists of a team of lecturers and researchers from various disciplines such as physics, economics, and engineering

The Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) for Energy, Economics, and System Dynamics of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is currently working on several lines of research into the energy limits of fossil resources and renewable energy.

Quemador de petróleo en instalaciones petrolíferas. Foto: Rafael Bastante Casado/Silvia Sánchez Carretón.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 22/05/2015
INESPO II

The usability of magazine applications for tablets is being analysed

The Faculty of Communication of the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is studying readers' perceptions of new digital devices

Magazines are no longer found only at the kiosk. In common with the remainder of the press, this sector has adapted to new technologies and has sought formulae to reach the reader on mobile devices such as digital tablets. There is however no single solution for achieving this and each editor still continues to search for the most appropriate formula through research and innovation.

Instrucciones para navegar en una revista diseñada para tabletas.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 21/05/2015
INESPO II

The human resources management model affects the stress of nursing staff

The doctoral thesis of the lecturer of the Faculty of Nursing of the University of Valladolid, Manuel Frutos, has analysed the management model of 14 Spanish hospitals to reflect the situation of 703 nurses and 505 technicians in auxiliary nursing care

In common with other professions involving the care and treatment of human beings, nursing produces high levels of occupational stress, which at times reaches the clinical stage known as the Burnout Syndrome. This pathology is characterised by an inner state of saturation in which sufferers feel physically, emotionally, and mentally exhausted. This results in a lack of energy and therefore a reduction in work capacity, a lack of motivation, mood swings, and physical symptoms such as locomotor problems (for instance muscular pains and aching joints) and other psychosomatic alterations (gastrointestinal problems, headaches, dizziness, etc.).

Manuel Frutos, profesor de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Valladolid.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 21/05/2015
INESPO II

The University of Salamanca researches literature from 'la Francophonie'

As well as France, other French-speaking countries enrich and modernise the language and influence contemporary thought

The Faculty of Languages of the University of Salamanca is studying French literature from outside France, in particular from six especially powerful areas: Switzerland, Belgium, Canada, the Maghreb, Black Africa, and the Antilles. The geography, culture, and history of each area influence the thought of the series of countries that form la Francophonie.

Carmen García Cela, profesora del Departamento de Filología Francesa de la Universidad de Salamanca.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 20/05/2015

Researchers identify therapeutic target for treating some kinds of cancer

An international group of researchers are unraveling the role played by a molecule called galectin-3 in the progression of some kinds of cáncer

The research is being done by scientists at the Cancer Translational Research Center of the São Paulo State Cancer Institute (ICESP) in collaboration with colleagues at the University of California, Davis, the Moffitt Research Center in Tampa, Florida, the University of Toronto, Canada, and the Ludwig Cancer Research Institute in São Paulo.

Investigadores del ICESP, en colaboración con colegas de Brasil y del exterior, revelan las funciones que desempeña la molécula galectina-3 en la progresión de tumores metastásicos. FOTO: CL�UDIO AROUCA
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 20/05/2015
INESPO II

A device that combines music, colour, and movement for therapeutic purposes

The University of Valladolid Elena Partesotti has developed a multidisciplinary prototype known as E-MOCOMU, the objective of which is to combine the three dimensions of movement, sound, and colour for therapeutic purposes

Can we hear colours or see sounds? Most of us can't, but synesthetes have this ability together with other capacities. It is estimated that the number of different types of synesthesia is very high, or what amounts to the same thing, some people can experience sensations in a certain sense when another is stimulated. Noted creators such as the painter Wassily Kandinsky and the composer Alexander Scriabin have perceived this crossover of senses (in their case chromesthesia or the association of sounds with colours). But can a person who is not a synesthete experience synesthesia?

Elena Partesotti.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 20/05/2015
INESPO II

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca redefines its research and innovation areas and equipment

The Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Research, Innovation, and New Technologies of the UPSA explains that the university has identified its strengths in the field of research so as to be more in touch with the market and visualise the research teams

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) aims to give a new boost to research and innovation as it has identified five areas with special potential and 10 research teams have shown their quality after a rigorous evaluation. From this starting point the academic institution will endeavour to improve both the transfer of the knowledge generated to society and the specialised teaching available at the three formative levels.

Antonio Sánchez Cabaco, vicerrector de Investigación, Innovación y Nuevas Tecnologías de la UPSA.
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Science Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 19/05/2015
INESPO II

The Universidade da Beira Interior is developing technologies for attending the elderly

New technologies improve the quality and life and the independence of the elderly and their carers

The NetGNA (Next Generation Networks and Applications Group) research team of the Universidade da Beira Interior is working to develop technologies that can be applied to the field of the health and in particular the care of the elderly. Technological developments such as body sensors and mobile signals can improve the quality of life of the elderly and help them to be more independent.

Personas mayores con nuevas tecnologías. Foto: UC3M.
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Education Spain  VALLADOLID 19/05/2015
INESPO II

A European project will design a rural education agency for development

The initiative has been promoted by the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA) and will be developed over the next three years

In collaboration with the Observatory of International Cooperation for Development of the University of Valladolid (UVA), the Valladolid County Council is coordinating a European project called the Rural DEAR Agenda (Development, Education and Awareness Raising), the ultimate aim of which is improving the planning of education action for development in the rural world.

Participantes en el proyecto. Foto: Luis Javier Miguel.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 19/05/2015
INESPO II

Natural compounds are a very important source of new drugs

The University of Salamanca is analysing data on natural compounds with the aim of making proposals for pharmacological research

The chemical substances present in living creatures such as plants and animals are one of the main sources of drugs, in addition to other products from various fields ranging from food to cosmetics. At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the University of Salamanca, the researcher Marina Gordaliza has been devoted to the study of these natural compounds for years in collaboration with various companies; she is currently concentrating on the detailed analysis of data from this field, which indicates its growing relevance.

Urtica dioica. Foto: Marina Gordaliza.
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Science Brazil  SãO PAULO 19/05/2015

Colorant extracted from turmeric can be useful for combating dengue

A similar principle has been used in experimental applications of photodynamic therapy designed to target tumor cells and infectious agents

A compound extracted from the roots of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), a plant that belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and is also known as Indian saffron, has been successfully tested by researchers in the city of São Carlos, São Paulo State, as a weapon against larvae of the mosquito species that transmits dengue virus. The research is being conducted at the Optics and Photonics Research Center (CEPOF), one of the Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers (RIDCs) funded by Fapesp. The lead investigator of the project is Vanderlei Bagnato, a professor at the University of São Paulo (USP).

En experimentos, el compuesto agregado al agua en criaderos del mosquito transmisor eliminó todas de las larvas tras 8 horas de exposición a la luz solar. FOTO: FAPESP
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Science Portugal  CASTELO BRANCO 18/05/2015
INESPO II

White tea has a positive effect against prediabetes

Research carried out at the Universidad de Beira Interior on rats with high levels of blood glucose show that white tea helps to protect the heart

A study carried out at the Health Science Research Centre (CICS) of the Universidad de Beira Interior (UBI) in Covilhã reveals that white tea consumption may be good for people with prediabetes, a condition in which individuals have high levels of blood glucose but not high enough to be considered diabetics. The research was carried out on rats and it was also discovered that this drink has a cardioprotective effect.

Té blanco. Foto: Branca Silva.
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Science Spain  LEÓN 18/05/2015
INESPO II

Advances in knowledge of a protein that plays a part in the secretion of drugs residues in milk

For 12 years the Biolfar Group of the University of León has been researching the ABCG2/BCRP transport protein, which is expressed in the mammary glands of ruminants

The Biological Application of Drugs Research Group (Biolfar) of the University of León (ULE), led by Julio G. Prieto, is working on the ABCG2/BCRP transport protein, which is expressed in the mammary glands of ruminants and plays a part in the transport of drugs and toxins to milk.

Miembros del Grupo de Investigación Aplicaciones Biológicas de Fármacos (Biolfar) de la Universidad de León . Foto: ULE.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 18/05/2015
INESPO II

The UPSA explores the possibilities of open data on the Internet

The union of the linked data of the semantic web and open data creates the field of Open Linked Data; the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca is implementing projects to test their potential, for example by developing applications for tourism

The Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) is researching the field of Open Linked Data. The possibilities that Internet currently offers could be multiplied in the forthcoming years with the development of these technologies, which enrich the search for data and make possible the new semantic web, which provides additional information and connects data in a smart way.

Ana Fermoso, investigadora de la UPSA.
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 18/05/2015

A group from the UVA is researching acoustics in industry, building, and the environment

The Acoustics and Applied Vibrations (AVISA) GIR was formally established in April 2014 and consists of three lecturers and several collaborators

The Acoustic and Applied Vibrations (Acústica y Vibraciones Aplicadas, AVISA) Recognised Research Group (Grupo de Investigación Reconocido, GIR) of the University of Valladolid (UVA) is working on various lines of research concentrating on acoustics and vibrations in the fields of industry, building, and the environment. The GIR was established in April last year and consists of the lecturers of the School of Industrial Engineering María Ángeles Martín Bravo (who is the Group coordinator) and Ana Isabel Tarrero Fernández, together with the lecturer of the School of Architecture María Machimbarrena. The group enjoys the collaboration of the lecturers Marta Herráez and Lara del Val, also from the School of Industrial Engineering, and of the PhD student Carolina Monteiro.

Aislante acústico. Foto: Pilar Acero.
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Science Spain  CATALUÑA 18/05/2015

Neanderthals were attacked by large carnivores

The research published in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences highlights the importance that predation had on human evolution and the strong pressure existed between neanderthals and large carnivores

When speaking of Neanderthals one of the qualities attributed to them is that they were very good hunters, but now it has been proven that they were also victims of the attacks of large carnivores. This is revealed in a paper led by IPHES (Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social) published in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. Three members of this institution have contributed to the research: Edgard Camarós (first author), Carlos Lorenzo and Florent Rivals.

Edgar camarões, del IPHES, con una reproducción de carnívoro recreando un ataque a un neandertal
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Science Spain  VALLADOLID 15/05/2015
INESPO II

A national project analyses the variants and conflicts of current social discourse

Researchers from the universities of Valladolid, La Coruña, Jaume I of Castellón, and Murcia, together with various collaborators, are participating in the Constructivist rhetoric: identity discourses (RECDID) project

Researchers from the University of Valladolid, the University of La Coruña, the Universidad Jaume I of Castellón, and the University of Murcia are taking part in a 2013-2016 National R+D+I Plan entitled RECDID (Retórica constructivista: discursos de la identidad or Constructivist rhetoric: identity discourses) for the study of the discourses that are constructed by current society in the face of the challenge of new human and social identities. The project proposes the analysis of the discourses that build three types of social identities in the current socio-political context: urban identities, new personal identities, and the identities related to eco-social alternatives.

Una de las últimas reuniones de trabajo de los miembros del proyecto RECDID. FOTO: RECDID.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 15/05/2015
INESPO II

A system increases the possibilities of handling a wheelchair

A project of the University of Salamanca allows the control of wheelchairs by voice, mobile devices, or by using a helmet that interprets thoughts to increase the independence of people with various disabilities

The BISITE research group of the University of Salamanca has developed a system that can be adapted to all motorised wheelchairs on the market and which allows people with very different disabilities to control for themselves movements that they would not be capable of making in conventional wheelchairs. In this way they increase their independence and considerably lessen the work load of their carers or relatives and also allow the monitoring of their movements from a distance.

Miembros del grupo BISITE con la silla de ruedas.
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Science Spain  SALAMANCA 14/05/2015
INESPO II

Supercomputing work in the palm of your hand

Supercomputing centres make available to you an application for mobile devices that has been developed by the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) so that their clients, scientists, and companies can continue their calculation operations wherever th

Nowadays many scientists and companies need to carry out major calculation operations for their R+D+I and only supercomputing centres can provide this service. Researchers at the Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca (UPSA) have developed an application that can be very useful for these users as it offers the possibility of interacting with the supercomputing centre and following the situation of the work that they have sent from their mobile devices.

Mariano Raboso, investigador de la UPSA.
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